Survey on Disease Insight and Prevalence of Female Urinary Incontinence in Korea
Doctor Jong Bo Choi (1), Doctor Seol Ho Choo (1), Doctor Kang Hee Shim (1), Doctor Hyeon Woo Kim (2), Doctor Dong Hwan Kim (2)
(1) Ajou University Hospital, Suwon, South Korea, (2) Catholic University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
Many patients with incontinence and low urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are not adequately treated due to misunderstandings. We conducted survey to investigate the prevalence, misunderstandings, and life effects of LUTS.
A total of 509 women agreed to the survey. They were over 30 years of age and visited the Ajou University Hospital Health Promotion Center from September 1, 2016 to October 31, 2016 for health screening. The questionnaire consists of 12 questions and takes about 10 minutes. We analyzed each questions in the questionnaire and then classified them by age and symptom to evaluate the prevalence rate and recognition degree of disease.
The most common symptom was stress urinary incontinence (25.7%) and the prevalence rate of urge incontinence was 7.7%. Many woman (76.6%) recognized about urinary incontinence and about 40% reported that they were embarrassed by urinary incontinence. 38.3% just awaited for spontaneous symptom improvement and only 8.5% visited hospital due to LUTS. 25% reported that hospital visit is not necessary for LUTS. Only 46% reported the urology clinic is appropriate for the treatment of incontinence, while 45% chose gynecology clinic.
Our study showed that relatively many women are aware of urinary incontinence, but their perception of disease mechanism and treatment was low. We think that continuous education and publicity are necessary.